[Honolulu. 1868]. Broadside form, 14 x 17 inches, completed in manuscript. Previously folded. Light wear along folds, with a couple of repaired short separations and small areas of loss, slightly affecting text. A couple of small chips at edges. Light, even tanning. About very good. Item #502
A rare example of a bilingual broadside form, used by whaling ships to enlist additional crew at their stopovers in Hawaii during the mid-19th century. Ships often needed to replenish the ranks midway through their voyages in order to counter desertion, illness, and death. The text of this broadside is printed in English and Hawaiian, and is filled out for the whaler Europa, which was on its way into the Pacific from Edgartown, Martha's Vineyard, and signed by its captain, Thomas Mellen. According to the form, the Europa added six crew members on March 24 and 26, 1868, all of whom appear to have been native Hawaiians, "for a term not to exceed [twelve] months, or until the said [ship Europa] shall return to these Hawaiian Islands, provided that takes place before the expiration of said term of [twelve] months." The first man listed, Levi Kauha, was designated a Seaman, and the final man, William George Malau, was made a Boatsteerer; the other four men were lowly Greenhands. The form also records their advances in dollars and their pay as the traditional share of profits (1/130th, 1/150th, 1/70th, etc.). Few examples of such broadsides survive, and this one is particularly interesting for its English and Hawaiian text. OCLC locates one copy of a similar form, at the Bancroft Library.