[N.p., likely Washington, D.C. 1876]. 16pp., printed in two columns. Gathered signatures, stitched. Chipping, noticeable toning, and some closed tears to edges. Rubbing to last page of text. Untrimmed and partially unopened. Very good. Item #4763
A scarce pamphlet printing the Congressional debate regarding the Hamburg Massacre, a race riot in Hamburg, South Carolina on July 4, 1876 which resulted in the deaths of six African Americans. The riot was the first in a series of planned actions by white racist "Red Shirts" against African American voters leading up to the last election cycle during Reconstruction. During the conflict, a white mob overwhelmed the minority Black population in Hamburg, and took two dozen Black citizens hostage. The mob then summarily executed six Black citizens, including South Carolina state legislator Simon Coker of Barnwell. More than ninety white men were indicted by a coroner's jury, and none of them were ever prosecuted. One of the leaders of the Red Shirts in Hamburg, Benjamin Tillman, was a virulent white supremacist who later became governor of South Carolina and then a United States Senator.