[Auburn: 1911]. 16pp. Tall 24mo. Original gray wrappers printed in black, stapled. Minor soiling to wrappers. Some pencil notations on title page, minor toning to text but otherwise clean. Very good. Item #3566
A very rare example of the 1911 constitution and by-Laws for the Farmers' Educational and Co-Operative Union of America, a mutual aid society and early agricultural trade union in Alabama. This pocket-sized pamphlet contains the organization's guiding documents, including their constitution set out in eight articles, their by-laws in nine sections, and an August 1911 amendment that is not reflected in the text of the constitution yet, indicating this version was printed in late 1911. The preamble and purposes of the organization are laid out on the inside front wrapper, indicating the group's motivations to "apply the principles of scientific agriculture" and "systematize his business by co-operation" through "the principles of scientific commerce." Of particular note to modern audiences is section 16 of the constitution, which states that "Negroes or persons of African descent shall not be admitted to membership in any local, county, district or state union." The exact same section allows membership for "Females over sixteen years of age" and exempts them from all fees and dues. OCLC records just a single example of this rare Alabama union publication, at Auburn.