Columbus, Oh. Vanguard League, March 1, 1944. pp., on a single 5.5-x-12-inch sheet of beige paper, folded twice. Minor soiling, creasing, and edge wear, small illegible ink signature on rear blank. Very good. Item #3512
A very rare informational leaflet published by the Vanguard League, providing background on the organization's origins and objectives through a series of seven questions such as "What is the Vanguard League?," "Who May Belong?," "What Has the League Accomplished?," and "What Does the Organization Plan for the Future?" The Vanguard League was founded in Ohio in 1940. By 1944, they had branches in Xenia, Mt. Vernon, Delaware, and Chillicothe. The Vanguard League was an organization of African Americans in Columbus, Ohio devoted to "Inter-racial Direct Non-violent Action" and committed to "making Columbus a better place in which to live." The organization fought to end segregation in public places such as theaters and restaurants, got "colored women...employed on production jobs at the Curtiss-Wright Plane plant," and then sought to effect changes in the hiring practices of the Columbus school system "on the basis of qualification rather than upon race" and "make a complete survey of the malicious housing practice of restrictive covenants," among other goals. The Vanguard League merged with the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in 1950. An exceedingly-rare and ephemeral Civil Rights artifact from Ohio. We could locate no other copies of this work in OCLC or any other regular sources, though there is probably a copy in the Vanguard League Papers at the Ohio Historical Society.