Item #2518 El Dr. y Maestro Don Carlos Lopez Torrija Abogado de la Real Audiencia de Mexico de Esta Nueva España... Hago Saver a Todos los Fieles Christianos de Qualquier Estado o Condicion Que Sean Dueños de Haziendas de Labor... [caption title and first line of text]. Carlos Lopez Torrija.

El Dr. y Maestro Don Carlos Lopez Torrija Abogado de la Real Audiencia de Mexico de Esta Nueva España... Hago Saver a Todos los Fieles Christianos de Qualquier Estado o Condicion Que Sean Dueños de Haziendas de Labor... [caption title and first line of text]

Puebla de los Angeles: [Diego Fernandez de Leon], 1687. Broadside, approximately 17 x 12 inches. Old horizontal fold. Minor dust soiling. Near fine. Item #2518

Interesting and scarce broadside concerning indigenous agriculture, land practice, and church tithes in colonial Mexico. The Abogado de la Real Audencia de Mexico (i.e., one of the chief lawyers for the royal court in New Spain), Carlos Lopez Torrija, here seeks to rectify a quirk in the law concerning collection of the tithe ("diezmo") taxes being exploited by the hacienda owners of Puebla. Indians and certain others were allowed to raise corn and other crops on land that was lent or otherwise made available to them without having to pay the tax on their sales to the Church. Now, according to Torrija, all such arrangements must be approved by the Church. Reading between the lines, it is evident that landowners in Puebla were handing over fields to indigenous farmers for cultivation and then taking all or the overwhelming preponderance of revenue from crop sales, thereby avoiding the payment of the tithe. Quite a fascinating window into the exploitation of indigenous labor in colonial Mexico during the 1680s, and also a scarce piece of late 17th-century Puebla printing, not in Medina or Gavito's Adiciones; OCLC locates only one copy, at the JCB.

Price: $3,000.00