Los Angeles: Nanka Nihonjinkai, 1913. ,70pp. In Japanese. Original brown printed wrappers. Some minor soiling and wear. Internally clean. Very good. Item #2228
One of the first Japanese responses to California's 1913 Alien Land Law, which prohibited Japanese and other Asian immigrants from owning land or entering into long leases. The law went into effect on August 10, 1913, and this work was published in December. In a legal challenge, the Supreme Court upheld the law, as well as the subsequent amendments to make it more restrictive. It was not overturned until 1952. The present work, published by the Japanese Association of America in Los Angeles, protests the law's racial discrimination and its effects on Japanese businesses, farms, and workers. Organized social movements to fight white discrimination against Japanese immigrants began after the passage of the Gentlemen's Agreement in 1907, and gained steam in California with the passage of the Alien Land Law. Rare -- we locate two copies in OCLC, at Claremont College and the University of Chicago.