Chihuahua: 1841. Broadside, 12.25 x 9 inches. Previously folded. Slight creasing and very minor dust soiling. Near fine. Item #2060
An extremely rare broadside that announces the arrival of the Texan Santa Fé Expedition in New Mexico to the citizens of Chihuahua by Francisco Garcia Conde, the governor of the Mexican state. The expedition was an overly optimistic endeavor whose goal was to establish a trade route through Texas to New Mexico and, if possible, to establish Texas jurisdiction over Santa Fé, a right that had been claimed since the revolution. To this end, a motley group of 321 traders, merchants, soldiers, and politicians, the "Santa Fé Pioneers," were assembled and departed Austin in June 1841. The party struggled through the deserts of west Texas and New Mexico for several months before being captured en masse by provincial Mexican forces at the beginning of October.
"The Texans had expected to be welcomed by the citizens of New Mexico and certainly had not anticipated armed resistance, but Governor Manuel Armijo of New Mexico had learned of the expedition and had detachments out awaiting the arrival of the Texans. Capt. William G. Lewis, one of the first of the advance party to reach the settlements, turned traitor and persuaded his comrades to lay down their arms on September 17. He was again used by the New Mexicans in securing the surrender of the main force, which had crossed the Llano Estacado and was encamped at Laguna Colorada near present Tucumcari, New Mexico, on October 5. Thus without the firing of a single shot, the entire expedition passed into Mexican hands" - Handbook of Texas.
In the present broadside, dated September 22, 1841, Conde declares that the Texans have arrived in New Mexico, and assumes that they have allied with hostile Native Americans to attack the border while the Mexican government was distracted by the concurrent rebellion of its southern states:
"Conciudadanos: Los Tejanos han aparecido por fin en el Nuevo Mexico. El Gobernador y Comandante General de aquel Departamento me participa haberse avistado 300 en la Cañada de Trujillo y tambien tengo noticia de que ecsiste una reunion considerable de indios en las margenes del Pecos. Ved pues realizados mis vaticinios y confirmado cuanto os dije en mi alocucion de 28 de Julio. Los aliados de los usurpadores no podian ser otros que los barbaros, y el momento de la invasion debia ser aquel en que los mexicanos estuviesen dividios. Os juzgaban distrahidos con las ocurrencias del Sur y se han presentado por el Norte, porque les falta de valor necesario para atacaros de otra suerte y aun para sostener vuestras miradas...."
The remainder of the text serves as a call to arms for Mexicans to reengage in the offensive war with Texas, pronouncing that the day of revenge has arrived and that shortly the troops and citizens of Chihuahua will follow those already in the field at El Paso to meet and defeat the Texan invaders:
"Chihuahuenses, há llegado el dia de las venganzas: los que de tantas maneras han exitado á los barbaros en la guerra que os han hecho, hoy se presentan descubiertamento aliados con ellos, sin pensar que esa misma alianza los debilita... Ya vuestros hermanos apostados en el Paso volaron al encuentro de los enemigos tan luego como superion el lugar donde se hallaban. Hubiera sido imposible contener el ardor de otros que ván á salir inmediatamente de este capital para participar del triunfo de los primeros.-- Sucesivamente y conforme lo exijan las circunstancias los seguirán todas las tropas y todos los habitantes del Departamento pues bien se que no hay chihuahuense que quiera sobrevivir á la usurpacion y á la ignominia...."
Very rare, and one of the few contemporary Mexican printed documents relating to the Texan Santa Fé Expedition. In his Bibliography of Texas, Streeter recorded a preceding broadside, dated July 28, in which Conde announced the first news of the expedition and a following broadside, dated September 28, that carried a report on the capture of the expedition vanguard at El Paso, but he did not know of the present, intermediate work. We locate only one copy, at Yale.