Remedios: 1856. pp., on a large bifolium. Printed form, completed in manuscript. Separated at fold, repaired with tissue. Light wear at edges. Light tanning and foxing. About very good. Item #2026
Rare Cuban population census form listing the number of residents in and around the town of Remedios, located on the northern central coast of Cuba, in 1856. The present document, completed in manuscript, lists the population according to various categories such as ethnicity and race, age range, occupations, marital status, location of residence, and several others. The census includes slaves of African origin, newly arrived Chinese indentured servants, "colonos Asiaticos," immigrant laborers from Yucatan, freedmen, and free white residents ("Blancos"). In all, there are just over 2000 people living in and around Remedios at this time, comprising just over 1300 free whites, over 300 free people of color, 460 slaves, and 19 Chinese laborers. One of the most interesting sections records the population by place of residence, which shows that the great majority people in the area lived on estancias, with a good part of the remaining population living on livestock farms and sugar plantations. On the final page are two additional sections, which enumerate the types of property, farms, and other enterprises in the regions and provide statistics on agricultural and industrial production and land usage, along with some manuscript notes with the signatures of the census takers or local magistrates. An interesting document of slavery, agriculture, and population in rural Cuba during the mid-19th century.