Santiago Villegas, Gobernador del Departamento de Zacatecas, a Sus Habitantes, Sabed: Que el Escmo. Sr. ministro de Hacienda, Me Ha Comunicado el Decreto Que Sigue ... "Durante la Guerra con los Indios Barbaros se Espendera la Polvora de Cazadores en los Departmentos de Chihuahua y Sonora al Precio de Seis Reales Libra"... [caption title and part of text]. Mexico, Apache Wars.

Santiago Villegas, Gobernador del Departamento de Zacatecas, a Sus Habitantes, Sabed: Que el Escmo. Sr. ministro de Hacienda, Me Ha Comunicado el Decreto Que Sigue ... "Durante la Guerra con los Indios Barbaros se Espendera la Polvora de Cazadores en los Departmentos de Chihuahua y Sonora al Precio de Seis Reales Libra"... [caption title and part of text]

Zacatecas: March 12, 1836. Broadside, 12 x 8.5 inches. Stab holes along left margin where previously bound. Small, contemporary manuscript annotation at center of top margin. Mild tanning. Very good. Item #1728

A scarce bando printed in Zacatecas, to promulgate a February 26, 1836, decree regarding the ongoing war with Apache tribes in northern Mexico. The decree sets the price of gun powder in the states of Chihuahua and Sonora, the principal regions in which battles and raids took place, and reads, in part, as follows:

"El presidente interino de la República Mexicana, á los habitantes de ella sabed: que el congreso general ha decretado lo siguente. 'Durante la guerra con los indios bárbaros se espenderá la pólvora de cazadores en los departamentos de Chihuahua y Sonora al precio de seis reales libra.' -- Jose Rafael Berruecos, presidente. -- Jose R. Malo, secretario, -- Jose Rafael de Olaguibel, secretario."

The Spanish fought the Apaches for much of the 18th century, and war broke out again in 1831 when the independent Mexican government ended food rations to tribes settled on presidios, causing them to revert to nomadic hunting and raiding. The conflict centered in Sonora and Chihuahua, which during this time still included what is now New Mexico and Arizona. Apache raids and counterattacks by Mexican army and civilians were particularly prevalent during the mid-1830s, and certainly detracted from the ability of the Mexican government to mount an effective campaign to maintain control of Texas.

A good document of the other significant conflict in northern Mexico during the 1830s, and rare -- we locate one copy of this Zacatecas bando, at the Bancroft, and no copies of the Mexico City printing or any other state issue.

Price: $875.00