Mexico City: April 20, 1848. pp., plus docketing, on a quarto bifolium. Previously folded. Some separation along fold lines. Four-inch tear from opening, repaired with tape. Light tanning and a couple of fox marks. In a neat, legible script. Good. Item #1325
Writing on April 20, 1848, to his cousin Edward Moulton in Willimantic, Connecticut, from occupied Mexico City, Sergeant William Dorrance of the 7th U.S. Infantry gives an update on the progress of the treaty to end the Mexican-American War, and impatiently awaits the conclusion of peace terms:
"The Hon. Mr. Clifford, one of the American Commissioners arrived here on the 11th of this month, the other, the Hon. Mr. Levien arrived on Saturday evening last, the 16th of this month, and as we now have two American commissioners upon the soil of Mexico, empowered to settle the terms of a treaty with the Mexican government, we shall doubtless know in a few days how the treaty concluded by Mr. Trist, and ratified by the United States Congress, is going to fare with the Mexican congress. On Monday the 17th of this month we had news that there were members enough of the Congress assembled to forme a quorum, and again on Tuesday it was rumored that the Congress had dissolved, demanding six months to determine upon the ratification or rejection of the present treaty. At all events we shall soon know, and if we are not to have peace soon, it is my opinion that we shall have to march to St. Louis Potosi and give them a drubbing. The question of Peace or War rests now entirely with Mexico...."
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was in fact ratified by the Mexican legislature on May 19, 1848, one month after this letter was composed. Contemporary news from Mexico of advancements in the negotiations to bring about an official end to the war.